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Hanover [School District No. 28] Board of Education

Colorado Open Records Act

Colorado Open Records Act (CORA) requires that all government entities, including school districts, make their records available to the public. There are exceptions for student information. Please review: Colorado Open Records Act, and district policy KDB regulation KDB-R.


All requests for public record(s) maintained by the district shall be specific enough to allow the district to efficiently identify the requested record and respond to the request. To clarify and facilitate the processing of a request to inspect and/or obtain copies of records, Hanover School District 28 will only accept records requests made in writing via the hanoverhornets.org CORA form.

A request is considered “received” by Hanover School District 28 the day a request is made using the online form. A request received after 4:00 p.m. mountain standard time or any day Hanover School District 28 is closed, is considered received when opened following the closure.

If the requested public record is in active use, in storage, or otherwise not readily available at the time of the person’s request, the person requesting the record shall be informed of that fact. The custodian of records will then make the record available within a reasonable time of the person’s request.

Hanover School District 28 shall make every effort to respond within three working days, as provided by § 24-72-203(3)(b), C.R.S, may extend its response time if it finds extenuating circumstances exist and communicates that finding to the requestor in writing, as described in § 24-72-203(3)(b), C.R.S. The three working-day response time begins the first working day after the request is received.

If records are stored in paper format, Hanover School District 28 staff will work with the requestor to schedule a time to inspect the records in person. The department is generally open from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Tuesday through Friday. Hanover School District 28 may require that members of the public or press only view copies of documents when the custodian of records determines that allowing access to originals could interfere with the regular discharge of duties of the district or its staff or that the review of original records could jeopardize the condition of the records.

Hanover School District 28 will not be responsible for conducting analysis of records on behalf of a requestor.


Hanover School District 28 staff will not assume a record is exempt from CORA and will always consult the Superintendent, the Board of Education, and/or legal counsel before making a determination to not provide a record. Any redactions or removal of information that Hanover School District 28 is legally required or allowed to withhold, pursuant to § 24-72-204, C.R.S., will not be done without approval from the Superintendent, Board of Education, and/or review of counsel.

Hanover School District 28 shall not provide any personally identifiable information that is confidential pursuant to state or federal law. Colorado’s Student Data Transparency and Security Act protects the confidentiality of “information that, alone or in combination, personally identifies an individual student or the student’s parent or family, and that is collected, maintained, generated, or inferred by a public education entity…” (See § 22-16-101, et. seq., C.R.S).

Similarly, the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) protects the confidentiality of student’s identifiable information that is maintained in education records and includes direct identifiers, such as a student’s name or identification number, indirect identifiers, such as a student’s date of birth, race/ethnicity, disability status or other information which can be used to distinguish or trace an individual’s identity either directly or indirectly through linkages with other information (See 34 CFR §99.3). When it may be possible to determine a student’s personally identifiable information from a record by using simple calculations, Hanover School District 28 will redact the data to the extent necessary to protect student privacy. Hanover School District 28 is also required to protect the confidentiality of licensed personnel evaluations, in accordance with § 22-9-109, C.R.S.

Finally, under CORA, Hanover School District 28 may deny a request for any of the reasons outlined in § 24-72-204, C.R.S. For a complete list of the types of records that Hanover School District 28 may withhold, please refer all appropriate sections of statute. A general list of the types of protected records applicable to Hanover School District 28 is below:

    • Any investigatory files compiled for any law enforcement purpose;
    • Test questions, scoring keys, and other examination data pertaining to administration of a licensing examination, examination for employment, or academic examination;
    • The specific details of bona fide research projects being conducted by a state institution;
    • Electronic mail addresses provided by a person to an agency, institution, or political subdivision of the state;
    • Specialized details of security arrangements or investigations;
    • Medical, mental health, sociological, and scholastic achievement data on individual persons;
    • Personnel files;
    • Letters of reference;
    • Trade secrets, privileged information, and confidential commercial, financial, geological, or geophysical data;
    • Library and museum material contributed by private persons;
    • Addresses and telephone numbers of students in any public elementary or secondary school;
    • Library records disclosing the identity of a user;
    • All statements, records, schedules, working papers, and memoranda made by a certified public accountant incident to or in the course of professional service to a client by the certified public accountant, except financial statements submitted by a certified public accountant to a client and books and records prepared for the use of the client;
    • Any records of sexual harassment complaints and investigations; or
    • Records protected under the common law governmental or “deliberative process” privilege.

Not all emails are public records that may be requested through CORA. To be a ‘public record,’ an e-mail message must be for use in the performance of public functions or involve the receipt and expenditure of public funds.


If a public record is stored in a digital format, whether searchable, sortable, or neither, Hanover School District 28 will provide that record in the format in which it is stored. Hanover School District 28 may modify the format of digital records if:

    1. Providing the records in their current format would violate copyright, the terms of a licensing agreement, or would result in the release of a third-party’s proprietary information; or
    2. Using the current format, it is not technologically or practically feasible to remove information that Hanover School District 28 is allowed or required to withhold.

The first hour of staff time researching and retrieving requested records is provided at no charge. Printing cost is $0.25 a page. A page is defined as one side of one page. Printing both sides of a single page is considered two pages. Hanover School District 28 will charge the requestor for all copying expenses and actual costs associated with research and retrieval in excess of one hour, in accordance with §§ 24-72-205(5)(a) and (6)(a), C.R.S.

If a records request requires more than mere retrieval of records—such as technical expertise to synthesize or reconfigure data or legal expertise from attorneys in order to identify how to comply with confidentiality requirements—Hanover School District 28 will charge the requestor for such costs, in accordance with the guidelines below. Any costs charged to a requestor shall not exceed the actual cost of producing the records, in accordance with § 24-72- 205(5)(a), C.R.S.

Prior to producing requested records, Hanover School District 28 will provide an estimate of the costs of production to the requestor. If the requestor does not wish to pay the fees, Hanover School District 28 can provide the requestor with information on how the request can be modified to reduce or eliminate the fees. After a requestor has agreed to the costs of production, Hanover School District 28 will keep the requestor informed if any additional costs are anticipated and will not incur any additional costs without the requestor’s consent. After producing the requested records, Hanover School District 28 will provide an invoice to the requestor. Costs must be paid in full before records are released.

Hanover School District 28 will charge for the actual costs of a request based on the following guidelines:

Type of RequestActual Costs Based on the Below Rates
Records request in print format$0.25 per page for all documents photocopied
Requests that require more than one hour of staff time for retrieval of records$33.58 per hour, after the first hour
Requests that require more than mere retrieval of records, such as technical expertise to synthesize or reconfigure data, apply unique suppression rules to remove identifiability and/or legal expertise to determine how to comply with confidentiality requirementsHourly rate of staff member (based on actual salary divided by annual hours), attorney billable hourly rate, or contractor hourly rate, as applicable
Superintendent’s Office


It is the goal of the Hanover School District Superintendent’s Office to have a high-quality team, with a clear vision, and set of goals that benefits our students, families, staff, and community.

We Are One District.
We Are One Team.
We Have One Love for One Another.
We Are The Hornet Nation.

(719) 683-2247 ext. 305

8:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m., Tuesday – Friday

Hanover School District 28
17050 S. Peyton Hwy
Colorado Springs, CO 80928